"New School of Convict Criminology" is a relatively new and controversial perspective in the field
of corrections and the academic field of criminology. It challenges the way crime and correctional
problems are traditionally represented and discussed by researchers, policymakers, and politicians.
Our use of "New" is mirrored on Taylor, Walton, and Young's (1973) seminal work The New Criminology.
This monograph generated considerable controversy and intellectual debate in our discipline. These authors were
critical of positivist, functionalist, and labeling approaches that failed to consider how the criminal law,
policing, and corrections were socio-political constructions of class domination and the logical priorities of
capitalism. Our use of the word "school" is similar to the Frankfurt School and the New School of Social Research,
which suggests a collective effort grounded in a creative and critical research tradition. (Richards and Ross, 2001: 186)
In part, Convict Criminology emerged as a result of the frustration ex-convict academics experienced with the extant
understanding of crime and its control. Convict criminologists are especially concerned with:
(1) how the problem of crime is defined,
(2) solutions proposed,
(3) the devastating impacts of those decisions on the men and women “labeled” criminals (Becker, 1963; Lemert, 1967),
who are locked in correctional facilities, separated from loved ones, and prevented from fully
reintegrating into the community,
(4) record high rates of incarceration,
(5) overcrowding of penal institutions,
(6) a lack of meaningful programming inside and outside of prison
(7) and the structural impediments to successful re-entry that results in a revolving door
criminal justice system (Richards & Jones, 1997; 2004; Richards, 2003; Maruna & Immarigeon, 2004).
As defined (see Richards & Ross, 2001:180; Ross & Richards, 2003:6), Convict Criminology represents the work of
convicts or ex-convicts, in possession of a Ph.D. or on their way to completing one, or enlightened
academics and practitioners, who contribute to a new conversation about crime and corrections.
This is a “New Criminology” led by former prisoners who are now academic faculty. The Convict Criminology group
tends to do research that illustrates the experiences of prisoners and ex-cons, attempts to combat
the misrepresentations of scholars, the media and government, and to propose new and less costly
strategies that are more humane and effective (Richards & Ross, 2003a, 2003b).
The convict scholars are able to do what many previous researchers could not; merge their past with
their present and provide a provocative approach to the academic study of their field. The convict
criminology perspective is also based on perceptions, experiences, and analytical ideas that
originate with defendants and prisoners, and are then developed by critical scholars
(Richards & Ross, 2003a, 2003b).